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Xie Shan Satsuma mandarin

Citrus unshiu Marcovitch


CRC 4081

PI 654869

VI 621

 

xieshanxieshan

Photos by Toni Siebert, CVC. 9 year old trees, left on Rich 16-6, Right on Carrizo. Photo rights.

 

Source: Received as budwood from Zhang Jun-Qi, Inst. Subtrop Crops, Zheijiang Academy, PRC.

 

Parentage/origins: Parents unknown.

 

Rootstocks of accession: Carrizo citrange, C-35 citrange

 

Season of ripeness at Riverside: September to November

 

Notes and observations:

3/1/2010, RRK: 'Xie Shan' was originally imported from the Institute of Subtropical Crops of Zheijiang Academy in China in 1992. Dr. Fred Gmitter, University of Florida, who was responsible for the collection of this variety, reported Xie Shan to be “extremely early ripening in comparison to other Chinese satsumas." In a California trial, Dr. Thomas Chao, UC Riverside, reported that 'Xie Shan' developed high brix levels somewhat earlier than other early Satsuma cultivars tested ('Armstrong', 'Miyagawa', and 'Chinese S-9'). However, high acid levels kept the sugar/acid ratio within about the same range as the other cultivars. 'Xie Shan' and 'Miyagawa' were considered the earliest cultivars in this trial. Additionally, it was reported that 'Xie Shan' was completely seedless, easy peeling, and had a unique taste and flavor. Projected harvest in the San Joaquin Valley was mid-September. Thomas Chao, in the cited publication, states that 'Xie Shan' is a Chinese translation of a Japanese cv called 'Wakayama'. However, references to a cv 'Wakayama' are not at hand. Wakayama is a principal Japanese satsuma growing area. Additionally, Xie Shan is a geographic name in China. This variety is currently being evaluated by Toni Siebert and Tracy Kahn.

Availability: Commercially available in California through the Citrus Clonal Protection Program.

USDA Germplasm Resources Information Network page for Xie Shan Satsuma mandarin

 

Bibliography:

Topics in Subtropics, 2005, 3(2): 3-5 

"Descriptions of new varieties recently distributed from the Citrus Clonal Protection Program", Siebert, T., Krueger, R., Kahn, T., Bash, J., Vidalakis, G., Citrograph, March/April 2010, pgs 20-26.

CVC Fruit Quality Data for Xie Shan Satsuma mandarin:

(New format sorted by Julian date from Jan 1)

CULTIVAR LOCATION DATE JULIAN DATE Mean SSC Citric acid (%) SSC/TA # FRUIT AVG. LENGTH  AVG. WIDTH L/W WEIGHT AVG. WT. COLOR TEXTURE RIND SEEDS AVG. SEEDS INTERIOR  JUICE WT.  % JUICE
Xie shan Riverside 9/25/2009 268 9.70 1.15 8.37 10 4.87 5.11 0.95 640.90 64.09 4.00 2.00 23.00 24.00 2.40 10 MED OR 272.50 42.52
Xie shan Riverside 9/25/2009 268 10.55 1.10 9.51 10 4.10 4.52 0.91 450.10 45.01 4.00 1.00 24.00 5.00 0.50 10 MED OR 208.50 46.32
Xie shan Lindcove 9/28/2009 271 8.70 0.76 11.43 10 6.60 6.90 0.96 1572.00 157.20 3.80 2.00 40.00 8.00 0.80 10 MED OR 683.70 43.49
Xie shan Lindcove 9/28/2009 271 8.10 0.75 10.79 10 6.72 7.15 0.94 1708.80 170.88 3.80 2.00 34.00 4.00 0.40 10 MED OR 756.90 44.29
Xie shan Lindcove 9/28/2009 271 8.00 0.90 8.89 10 6.58 6.86 0.96 1566.40 156.64 4.00 2.50 29.00 0.00 0.00 10 MED OR 664.40 42.42
Xie shan Lindcove 9/28/2009 271 8.60 1.02 8.41 10 6.89 6.95 0.99 1691.70 169.17 3.60 2.50 34.00 2.00 0.20 10 MED OR 756.60 44.72
Xieshan Lindcove 9/29/2008 273 7.20 0.82 8.81 10 6.90 7.29 0.95 1817.50 181.75 3.50 1.50 37.00 0.00 0.00 BR. ORANGE 812.30 44.69
Xieshan Lindcove 9/29/2008 273 6.30 0.65 9.68 10 7.22 7.30 0.99 1872.80 187.28 3.40 1.50 30.00 0.00 0.00 ORANGE 771.40 41.19
Xie Shan Riverside 9/29/2008 273 7.40 1.22 6.13 10 6.32 6.10 1.04 1064.80 106.48 3.60 3.50 33.00 14.00 1.40 PALE ORANGE 444.30 41.73
Xie Shan Riverside 10/1/2007 274 9.50 1.13 8.43 10 5.13 5.62 0.91 829.00 82.90 4.50 2.00 31.00 61.00 6.10 BR. ORANGE 328.60 39.64
Xie Shan Riverside 10/1/2007 274 9.60 1.37 6.99 10 5.22 5.55 0.94 656.60 65.66 4.50 2.00 29.00 13.00 1.30 BR. ORANGE 274.00 41.73
Xie Shan Lindcove 10/2/2006 275 8.70 0.98 8.84 10 6.18 6.77 0.91 1374.80 137.48 3.00 3.50 42.00 5.00 0.50 ORANGE 607.70 44.20
Xie Shan Lindcove 10/2/2006 275 8.90 0.85 10.44 10 6.43 7.09 0.91 1562.10 156.21 3.50 3.50 38.00 0.00 0.00 BR. ORANGE 673.00 43.08
Xie Shan Riverside 10/2/2006 275 9.80 1.66 5.90 10 6.52 6.57 0.99 1321.40 132.14 3.50 4.00 45.00 7.00 0.70 LT. ORANGE 498.40 37.72
Xie Shan Riverside 10/2/2006 275 10.00 1.28 7.81 10 5.26 5.55 0.95 790.70 79.07 4.00 3.00 33.00 6.00 0.60 ORANGE 394.10 49.84
Xie Shan Riverside 10/3/2005 276 7.50 0.79 9.51 10 5.32 6.11 0.87 995.20 99.52 4.00 3.00 27.00 23.00 2.30 BR. ORANGE 405.20 40.72
Xie Shan Riverside 10/3/2005 276 8.30 0.82 10.07 10 4.51 5.45 0.83 691.60 69.16 4.50 2.50 20.00 21.00 2.10 BR. ORANGE 317.50 45.91
Xie Shan Lindcove 10/6/2005 279 7.20 0.91 7.99 10 5.18 5.78 0.90 913.70 91.37 4.00 2.50 18.00 2.00 0.20 BR. ORANGE 473.30 51.80
Xie Shan Lindcove 10/6/2005 279 7.70 0.99 7.82 10 5.24 5.61 0.93 871.70 87.17 3.50 2.50 27.00 2.00 0.20 BR. ORANGE 422.59 48.48
Xieshan Lindcove 10/10/2007 283 7.20 0.89 8.14 10 6.51 6.61 0.98 1511.50 151.15 4.50 1.00 37.00 0.00 0.00 BR. ORANGE 712.20 47.12
Xieshan Lindcove 10/10/2007 283 7.60 0.68 11.19 10 6.44 6.49 0.99 1434.80 143.48 5.00 1.00 29.00 3.00 0.30 BR. ORANGE 681.30 47.48
Xie Shan Lindcove 10/17/2006 290 8.20 0.83 9.88 10 5.88 6.54 0.90 1324.90 132.49 4.50 5.00 38.00 0.00 0.00 BR. ORANGE 667.00 50.34
Xie Shan Lindcove 10/17/2006 290 9.50 0.58 16.20 10 6.19 6.68 0.93 1404.20 140.42 4.50 5.00 38.00 0.00 0.00 BR. ORANGE 712.00 50.71
Xie shan Lindcove 10/19/2009 292 9.00 0.71 12.72 10 6.41 6.87 0.93 1552.80 155.28 5.10 3.00 32.00 1.00 0.10 10 MED OR 713.90 45.98
Xie shan Lindcove 10/19/2009 292 8.80 0.60 14.55 10 6.86 7.30 0.94 1824.50 182.45 5.00 4.00 37.00 1.00 0.10 10 MED OR 751.50 41.19
Xie shan Lindcove 10/19/2009 292 7.60 0.56 13.47 5 7.30 7.66 0.95 972.00 194.40 4.40 3.50 20.00 1.00 0.20 10 MED OR 336.30 34.60
Xie shan Lindcove 10/19/2009 292 8.80 0.87 10.17 10 6.72 7.04 0.95 1672.70 167.27 5.00 3.00 34.00 1.00 0.10 10 MED OR 713.30 42.64
Xie Shan Lindcove 10/20/2005 293 8.40 0.71 11.95 10 5.79 6.42 0.90 1242.40 124.24 5.50 3.00 31.00 0.00 0.00 MED. ORANGE 610.20 49.11
Xie Shan Lindcove 10/20/2005 293 8.40 0.73 11.53 10 5.78 6.23 0.93 1194.00 119.40 4.50 3.00 31.00 0.00 0.00 MED. ORANGE 601.90 50.41
Xie shan Riverside 10/19/2008 293 9.05 0.83 10.91 10 4.65 5.03 0.92 608.80 60.88 5.00 1.00 26.00 15.00 1.50 10 MED OR 270.50 44.43
Xie shan Riverside 10/19/2008 293 9.50 0.85 11.12 10 4.42 4.60 0.96 475.00 47.50 5.30 1.00 27.00 0.00 0.00 10 MED OR 206.60 43.49
Xieshan Lindcove 10/20/2008 294 9.60 0.54 17.69 10 7.75 7.73 1.00 2134.60 213.46 3.60 3.00 41.00 0.00 0.00 BR. ORANGE 897.80 42.06
Xieshan Lindcove 10/20/2008 294 9.30 0.62 15.18 10 7.50 7.68 0.98 2109.50 210.95 4.10 3.00 33.00 2.00 0.20 BR. ORANGE 906.30 42.96
Xie Shan Riverside 10/20/2008 294 8.30 0.91 9.22 10 7.19 6.78 1.06 1469.10 146.91 3.50 3.50 31.00 6.00 0.60 BR. ORANGE 597.40 40.66
Xieshan Riverside 10/22/2007 295 10.60 0.75 14.06 10 5.08 5.63 0.90 857.00 85.70 5.50 1.00 32.00 38.00 3.80 BR. ORANGE 393.60 45.93
Xieshan Riverside 10/22/2007 295 10.80 0.87 12.36 10 5.50 5.58 0.99 821.40 82.14 5.00 2.00 29.00 11.00 1.10 BR. ORANGE 349.60 42.56
Xie Shan Riverside 10/23/2006 296 10.10 0.89 11.30 10 4.94 5.56 0.89 820.70 82.07 5.00 2.00 29.00 7.00 0.70 BR. ORANGE 438.60 53.44
Xie Shan Riverside 10/24/2005 297 10.40 1.10 9.50 10 5.17 6.15 0.84 1000.10 100.01 5.00 3.00 30.00 29.00 2.90 BR. ORANGE 459.90 45.99
Xie Shan Riverside 10/24/2005 297 10.40 0.92 11.36 10 4.68 5.75 0.81 836.50 83.65 5.00 3.00 26.00 32.00 3.20 BR. ORANGE 386.30 46.18
Xieshan Lindcove 10/29/2007 302 8.60 0.85 10.09 10 6.46 6.75 0.96 1450.30 145.03 5.00 3.00 27.00 2.00 0.20 BR. ORANGE 634.60 43.76
Xieshan Lindcove 10/29/2007 302 8.20 0.69 11.86 10 6.74 6.94 0.97 1531.50 153.15 5.50 3.00 32.00 5.00 0.50 BR. ORANGE 424.00 27.69
Xie shan Riverside 11/9/2009 313 10.00 0.71 14.18 10 4.72 5.42 0.87 678.60 67.86 6.10 2.50 36.00 4.00 0.40 10 MED OR 343.20 50.57
Xie shan Riverside 11/9/2009 313 11.90 0.77 15.53 10 4.61 4.83 0.95 534.10 53.41 6.10 2.50 33.00 16.00 1.60 10 MED OR 265.80 49.77
Xieshan Lindcove 11/10/2008 315 9.60 0.67 14.19 10 6.87 7.26 0.95 1864.20 186.42 5.70 3.50 30.00 4.00 0.40 ORANGE 772.30 41.43
Xieshan Lindcove 11/10/2008 315 9.00 0.51 17.69 10 7.18 7.61 0.94 2039.40 203.94 5.80 4.00 49.00 2.00 0.20 ORANGE 612.60 30.04
Xie shan Lindcove 11/11/2009 315 9.75 0.61 15.92 10 6.87 7.38 0.93 1861.20 186.12 6.50 2.50 40.00 11.00 1.10 10 MED OR 907.40 48.75
Xie shan Lindcove 11/11/2009 315 8.70 0.58 15.13 10 6.55 7.37 0.89 1804.30 180.43 5.60 2.50 45.00 1.00 0.10 10 MED OR 843.90 46.77
Xie Shan Riverside 11/10/2008 315 9.40 0.70 13.55 10 7.29 7.17 1.02 1694.30 169.43 5.40 2.50 31.00 13.00 1.30 ORANGE 658.60 38.87
Xie Shan Riverside 11/13/2006 317 10.40 0.86 12.08 10 5.43 5.87 0.93 877.90 87.79 8.50 3.00 26.00 7.00 0.70 BR. ORANGE 418.00 47.61
Xieshan Riverside 11/13/2007 317 11.90 0.92 13.04 10 5.18 5.99 0.86 879.20 87.92 7.00 2.50 25.00 34.00 3.40 BR. ORANGE 316.00 35.94
Xieshan Riverside 11/13/2007 317 11.90 1.05 11.34 10 5.24 5.55 0.94 739.10 73.91 7.00 2.50 24.00 16.00 1.60 BR. ORANGE 285.00 38.56
Xie Shan Riverside 11/14/2005 318 10.70 0.77 13.79 10 5.43 6.59 0.82 1188.30 118.83 10.50 3.00 34.00 31.00 3.10 MED. ORANGE 499.60 42.04
Xie Shan Riverside 11/14/2005 318 9.20 0.78 15.67 10 4.75 5.85 0.81 862.00 86.20 8.50 2.50 27.00 1.00 0.10 MED. ORANGE 413.00 47.91
Xieshan Lindcove 11/15/2007 319 6.10 0.42 14.80 10 7.04 6.95 1.01 1513.90 151.39 10.50 2.50 47.00 4.00 0.40 BR. ORANGE 552.70 36.51
Xieshan Lindcove 11/15/2007 319 8.40 0.46 18.18 10 7.55 7.43 1.02 1782.20 178.22 10.00 2.50 54.00 2.00 0.20 BR. ORANGE 512.20 28.74
Xie Shan Lindcove 11/16/2006 320 8.70 0.77 11.20 10 6.48 7.01 0.92 1505.90 150.59 6.50 3.00 39.00 1.00 0.10 BR. ORANGE 599.60 39.82
Xie Shan Lindcove 11/16/2006 320 7.30 0.57 12.75 10 6.60 7.39 0.89 1687.40 168.74 6.00 3.50 41.00 0.00 0.00 BR. ORANGE 636.70 37.73
Xie Shan Lindcove 11/18/2005 322 12.00 0.81 14.81 10 5.78 6.64 0.87 1291.80 129.18 8.50 3.00 32.00 9.00 0.90 DK. ORANGE 559.00 43.27
Xie Shan Lindcove 11/18/2005 322 10.00 0.63 15.96 10 5.52 6.38 0.87 1162.50 116.25 6.50 2.50 26.00 2.00 0.20 DK. ORANGE 541.60 46.59

 



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