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Fairchild mandarin

Citrus reticulata Blanco

CRC 3559

PI 539508

VI 246

fairchild

Photos by David Karp, CVC. Photo rights.

  

Source: Received as budwood from Dr. Joe Furr, USDCS, Indio, CA, 1966.

 

Parentage/origins: Fairchild mandarin is a hybrid of Clementine mandarin and Orlando tangelo. The cross was made by J. R. Furr at the U.S Date and Citrus Station at Indio, California, and the variety was released in 1964. It has proven to be particularly well-suited to the California and Arizona deserts where it provides an early season fruit for the market.

 

Rootstocks of accession: Carrizo citrange, C-35 citrange

 

Season of ripeness at Riverside: November to January

 

Notes and observations:

Fairchild trees are vigorous with a wide-spreading habit. For best fruit production, a pollinator is necessary. The fruit is medium-sized, oblate in shape, and has a thin, slightly pebbled, dark orange rind. Fairchild is not especially easy to peel and the fruits typically contain many seeds, but the flesh is quite juicy and the flavor is rich and sweet.

3/1987, EMN: Most of crop on ground this date. Polyembryonic.

 

Description from The Citrus Industry Vol. 1 (1967):

"Fruit medium in size and moderately blate in form; rind medium-thin, moderately adherent but easily peelable; surface texture smooth; color deep orange.  Flesh orange-colored; firm but tender and juicy; flavor rich and sweet.  Seeds numerous, small, and polyembryonic.  Early in maturity (about like Clementine but colors earlier).
      Tree vigorous, broad-spreading with dense foliage, nearly thornless, and productive.
      This exceptionally early, high quality, new variety, which was released in 1964, originated from a cross of Clementine mandarin X Orlando tangelo made by J. R. Furr of the U.S. Department of Agriculture at the U.S. Date and Citrus Station, Indio, California (Furr, 1964).  Fairchild is recommended for the desert areas of California and Arizona, where it is believed it may prove superior to Clementine.  Provision for cross-pollination is suggested until the facts in that connection have been determined."

 

Availability: Commercially available in California through the Citrus Clonal Protection Program.

 

USDA Germplasm Resources Information Network page for Fairchild mandarin

CVC Fruit Quality Data for Fairchild mandarin:

(Old format)

CULTIVAR SAMPLE LOCATION DATE  NUMBER OF FRUIT PER SAMPLE TOTAL LENGTH PER SAMPLE (cm) TOTAL WIDTH PER SAMPLE (cm) LENGTH /WIDTH RATIO TOTAL WT PER SAMPLE (grams) MEAN WEIGHT PER FRUIT (grams) EXTERNAL COLOR BASED ON COLOR CHART TEXTURE BASED ON CHART TOTAL RIND THICKNESS PER SAMPLE (mm) TOTAL SEEDS PER SAMPLE INTERIOR COLOR DESCRIPTION TOTAL JUICE WT. PER SAMPLE (grams) % JUICE TSS (TOTAL SOLUBLE SOLIDS) % ACID (BASED ON CITRIC ACID) RATIO (TSS / % ACID) 
FAIRCHILD Coachella 12/11/2002 10 56.4 60.9 0.9 1060.0 106.0 12.0 3.0 41.0 212.0 MED. ORANGE 342.0 32.3 10.7 0.6 17.1
FAIRCHILD Coachella 12/11/2002 10 39.5 44.1 0.9 826.2 82.6 11.5 2.5 32.0 188.0 MED. ORANGE 354.0 42.8 11.0 0.6 17.1
FAIRCHILD Coachella 12/11/2002 7 56.1 59.3 0.9 1048.1 149.7 11.0 2.0 35.0 221.0 MED. ORANGE 402.3 38.4 12.1 0.7 17.2
FAIRCHILD Coachella 12/11/2002 10 56.7 62.2 0.9 1168.0 116.8 12.0 2.5 32.0 197.0 MED. ORANGE 478.2 40.9 12.5 0.7 18.8
FAIRCHILD Coachella 12/11/2002 10 54.0 59.8 0.9 988.7 98.9 11.0 3.0 37.0 204.0 MED. ORANGE 344.7 34.9 12.1 0.7 18.0
FAIRCHILD Coachella 10/9/2003 10 52.5 55.9 0.9 896.9 89.7 4.5 2.0 33.0 209.0 PALE YELLOW 409.0 45.6 9.2 0.8 11.1
FAIRCHILD Coachella 10/9/2003 10 54.9 55.9 1.0 935.7 93.6 4.5 2.5 32.0 258.0 PALE YELLOW 316.9 33.9 8.9 0.8 10.8
FAIRCHILD Coachella 10/9/2003 10 54.0 57.8 0.9 975.1 97.5 2.0 2.0 37.0 290.0 PALE YELLOW 411.1 42.2 8.5 0.8 10.8
FAIRCHILD Coachella 10/9/2003 10 52.9 56.4 0.9 850.2 85.0 5.0 2.0 37.0 222.0 PALE YELLOW 233.0 27.4 8.8 0.8 10.9
FAIRCHILD Coachella 10/9/2003 10 53.7 56.5 1.0 918.9 91.9 4.5 2.5 36.0 238.0 PALE YELLOW 390.5 42.5 8.9 0.8 11.5
FAIRCHILD Coachella 10/9/2003 10 54.9 55.9 1.0 935.7 93.6 4.5 2.5 32.0 258.0 PALE YELLOW 316.9 33.9 8.9 0.8 10.8
FAIRCHILD Coachella 10/9/2003 10 54.4 57.0 1.0 953.7 95.4 5.0 2.5 35.0 167.0 LT. YELLOW 591.6 62.0 8.7 0.7 11.8
FAIRCHILD Coachella 11/21/2003 10 57.4 60.4 1.0 1109.9 111.0 11.0 2.0 36.0 180.0 LIGHT ORANGE 519.8 46.8 11.1 1.0 10.6
FAIRCHILD Coachella 11/21/2003 10 59.6 64.7 0.9 1311.5 131.2 11.5 3.0 42.0 160.0 YEL.-ORANGE 525.8 40.1 10.0 1.3 7.8
FAIRCHILD Coachella 11/21/2003 10 64.1 78.5 0.8 1916.3 191.6 8.0 3.0 28.0 182.0 ORANGE 772.3 40.3 8.1 1.8 4.6
FAIRCHILD Coachella 11/21/2003 10 63.1 65.7 1.0 1309.7 131.0 9.0 2.5 46.0 162.0 PALE ORANGE 247.3 18.9 10.4 1.3 8.0
FAIRCHILD Coachella 11/21/2003 10 57.6 62.6 0.9 1197.9 119.8 10.0 2.0 36.0 320.0 LIGHT ORANGE 536.7 44.8 10.0 1.0 9.9
FAIRCHILD Coachella 11/21/2003 10 56.8 63.4 0.9 1194.1 119.4 11.0 2.0 41.0 208.0 ORANGE 523.4 43.8 11.1 1.2 9.1
FAIRCHILD Coachella 11/21/2003 10 57.4 60.4 1.0 1109.9 111.0 11.0 2.0 36.0 170.0 LIGHT ORANGE 519.8 46.8 11.1 1.0 10.6
FAIRCHILD Coachella 10/28/2004 10 55.4 58.4 0.9 1015.8 101.6 4.5 1.5 30.0 73.0 PALE YELLOW 324.6 32.0 9.2 0.7 13.7
FAIRCHILD Coachella 10/28/2004 10 55.7 58.5 1.0 1034.2 103.4 5.0 1.0 40.0 98.0 LIGHT ORANGE 380.0 36.7 9.9 0.7 14.1
FAIRCHILD Coachella 10/28/2004 10 50.8 55.4 0.9 871.5 87.2 5.0 1.5 31.0 151.0 LIGHT ORANGE 362.2 41.6 9.7 0.7 14.2
FAIRCHILD Coachella 10/28/2004 10 54.3 58.4 0.9 1032.0 103.2 5.0 2.0 33.0 198.0 YELLOW 468.2 45.4 9.8 0.8 12.8
FAIRCHILD Coachella 10/28/2004 10 57.8 60.7 1.0 1110.9 111.1 4.0 2.0 39.0 144.0 LIGHT ORANGE 363.4 32.7 8.9 0.6 14.2
FAIRCHILD Coachella 10/28/2004 10 57.4 59.3 1.0 1064.4 106.4 4.5 2.0 39.0 99.0 LIGHT ORANGE 417.7 39.2 9.2 0.6 14.8

 

 

 

 


 


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