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Everhard navel orange

Citrus sinensis L. Osbeck

CRC 4200

VI 759

 

 

Photos by David Karp and Toni Siebert, CVC.11/19/2015  Photo rights.  

 

Source: Received as budwood from Rio Farms, Texas, 07/2008.

 

Parentage/origins: "The Everhard Navel (Citrus sinensis) originated in Texas' Rio Grande Valley. A bud-sport from the old line 'Washington', the 'Everhard' was discovered and cultivated by the grandfather of Clay Everhard, a long-time Texas citrus grower." (Acorn Springs Farms website) 

 

Rootstocks of accession: Carrizo citrange, C-35 citrange

 

Season of ripeness at Riverside: November to January

 

Notes and observations:

"Everhard is reported to have smaller fruit that are oval to round. The navel is very small and closed, commonly being inconspicuous or absent altogether. The fruit is thin-skinned, very flavorful, and it reaches maturity in late September. Everhard originated in Texas' Rio Grande Valley. A bud-sport from the old line 'Washington', the 'Everhard' was discovered and cultivated by the grandfather of Clay Everhard, a long-time Texas citrus grower. Everhard is typically more compact that the average 'Washington', comparative testing by Texa A&M Univesity proved that the Everhard has more consistent bearing levels and higher resistance to post-harvest decay than several other navel varieties.

 

RRK, 10/19/2009: According to Sauls (1998), "The two most widely planted navel orange varieties in Texas are 'Everhard' and 'N33E'. 'Everhard' is similar to the 'Baianinha Piracicaba' of Brazil, having rather smaller fruit that are oval to round. The navel is very small and closed, commonly being inconspicuous or absent altogether. The fruit is thin skinned, of very good flavor, and it reaches maturity in late September [in South Texas]." Additional information from Sauls (2008) states that "Everhard is a smaller fruit characterized by a very small or no navel; it is a consistent producer." According to the Acorn Springs Farms website, "While the 'Everhard' is typically more compact than the average 'Washington', comparative testing by Texas A&M University proved that the Everhard had more consistent (fruit) bearing levels and higher resistance to post-harvest decay than several other navel varieties. The Everhard Navel is so reliable, in fact, that the commercial citrus industry south of New Orleans purchased thousands of them to replace other navel varieties destroyed in a hurricane."

TJS, 12/15/2015: ‘Everhard’ navel is reported to be a local navel orange variety originating as a bud-sport found in the Rio Grande Valley of south Texas. It was developed by Clay Everhard of Everhard Nursery in McAllen, Texas, after being discovered in the 1920s by his grandfather, a veteran citrus grower near Pharr, Texas. The fruits are reported to mature in late September, and are considered very flavorful with 1-2 seeds per fruit. ‘Everhard’ trees are typically more compact that the average 'Washington'.  Comparative testing by Texas A&M University demonstrated that the Everhard had more consistent bearing levels and higher resistance to post-harvest decay than several other navel varieties. According to Hensz (1981), the oval to round fruit is smaller than a ‘Washington’ navel with thin skin and an inconspicuous to completely absent navel. Although the fruit may be smaller, Hensz reports that the production is superior. He describes ‘Everhard’ as a variety that was unpopular for many years because the fruit did not look like navel oranges, however the demand for fresh  fruit gift baskets from the south Texas area caused increased planting of this variety because of its reported higher yields. 

According to Sauls (1998), "The two most widely planted navel orange varieties in Texas are 'Everhard' and 'N33E', and that ’Everhard' is similar to the 'Bahianinha Piracicaba' of Brazil.  Acorn Springs Farms (no longer in business) reported, “the Everhard Navel is so reliable, in fact, that the commercial citrus industry south of New Orleans purchased thousands of them to replace other navel varieties destroyed in a hurricane."

 

Availability: Commercially available in California through the Citrus Clonal Protection Program.

 

USDA Germplasm Resources Information Network page for Everhard navel orange

 

CVC Fruit Quality data for Everhard navel orange:

 

CULTIVAR Location DATE Julian date ROOT AGE SSC1 (%) SSC2 (%) Mean SSC tit1 (V/ml) tit2 (V/ml) Mean tit Citric acid (%) SSC/TA CAL STAND # FRUIT LENGTH  AVG. LENGTH  WIDTH AVG. WIDTH L/W WEIGHT AVG. WT. COLOR TEXTURE RIND SEEDS AVG. SEEDS INTERIOR  JUICE WT.  % JUICE
Everhard Lindcove 10/12/2012 286 CZO 3 6.40 6.40 6.40 4.214 4.112 4.16 1.02 6.30 38.56 10 72.30 7.23 72.40 7.24 1.00 1532.40 153.24 3.00 3.00 46.00 0.00 0.00 10 GR OR 773.90 50.50
Everhard Lindcove 10/12/2012 286 C-35 3 6.70 6.60 6.65 3.514 3.452 3.48 0.85 7.89 53.69 10 77.50 7.75 73.70 7.37 1.05 1399.20 139.92 4.00 3.00 48.00 3.00 0.30 10 GR OR 709.20 50.69
Everhard Riverside 10/14/2013 287 CZO 2 8.20 8.10 8.15 3.66 3.62 3.64 0.88 9.30 76.27 10 70.40 7.04 68.20 6.82 1.03 1663.50 166.35 4.00 3.00 30.00 10.00 1.00 10 LT OR 766.90 46.10
Everhard Riverside 10/14/2013 287 C-35 4 9.50 9.50 9.50 4.18 4.26 4.22 1.02 9.34 89.60 10 82.10 8.21 76.30 7.63 1.08 2308.10 230.81 4.00 3.00 48.00 1.00 0.10 10 LT OR 917.70 39.76
Everhard Riverside 10/15/2012 289 C-35 3 5.90 6.00 5.95 2.778 2.842 2.81 0.69 8.59 52.84 5 40.80 8.16 40.60 8.12 1.00 1298.90 259.78 3.60 3.50 25.00 3.00 0.60 10 V LT OR 484.60 37.31
Everhard Lindcove 10/18/2013 291 CZO 4 8.90 8.90 8.90 3.42 3.58 3.50 0.85 10.52 91.03 10 73.50 7.35 69.20 6.92 1.06 1796.30 179.63 4.00 3.00 36.00 4.00 0.40 10 V LT OR 771.50 42.95
Everhard Lindcove 10/18/2013 291 C-35 4 8.40 8.40 8.40 3.64 3.75 3.69 0.89 9.39 79.59 10 78.50 7.85 74.40 7.44 1.06 2053.90 205.39 4.00 3.00 43.00 8.00 0.80 10 V LT OR 834.20 40.62
Everhard Lindcove 11/5/2012 310 CZO 3 8.70 8.70 8.70 3.640 3.516 3.58 0.87 10.06 86.46 10 70.40 7.04 70.60 7.06 1.00 1749.80 174.98 4.00 3.50 44.00 7.00 0.70 10 V LT OR 742.80 42.45
Everhard Lindcove 11/5/2012 310 C-35 3 8.90 8.80 8.85 3.372 3.248 3.31 0.80 11.13 93.24 10 71.30 7.13 70.30 7.03 1.01 1919.90 191.99 4.00 4.00 63.00 5.00 0.50 10 V LT OR 777.70 40.51
Everhard Riverside 11/5/2012 310 C-35 3 5.80 5.80 5.80 3.360 3.436 3.40 0.83 6.98 40.85 5 45.60 9.12 41.40 8.28 1.10 1499.40 299.88 5.20 3.00 29.00 0.00 0.00 5 LT OP 654.60 43.66
Everhard Riverside 11/11/2013 315 C-35 4 9.80 9.80 9.80 3.75 3.77 3.76 0.90 10.84 102.02 10 81.40 8.14 76.40 7.64 1.07 2334.80 233.48 5.00 3.00 43.00 2.00 0.20 10 LT OR 1065.00 45.61
Everhard Lindcove 11/21/2013 325 CZO 4 9.30 9.30 9.30 3.51 3.28 3.40 0.82 11.36 99.41 10 76.40 7.64 72.40 7.24 1.06 2021.10 202.11 5.00 3.00 50.00 0.00 0.00 10  LT OR 873.80 43.23
Everhard Lindcove 11/21/2013 325 C-35 4 8.40 8.30 8.35 3.23 3.47 3.35 0.81 10.35 84.21 10 81.00 8.10 76.40 7.64 1.06 2369.40 236.94 5.00 3.00 51.00 10.00 1.00 10  LT OR 1035.70 43.71
Everhard Riverside 12/3/2012 338 C-35 3 8.80 8.90 8.85 3.066 2.932 3.00 0.72 12.14 98.20 5 44.20 8.84 41.80 8.36 1.06 1522.20 304.44 6.00 3.50 18.00 0.00 0.00 5 MED OR 790.90 51.96
Everhard Riverside 12/6/2013 340 C-35 4 10.00 10.00 10.00 3.37 3.38 3.37 0.81 12.32 111.44 10 79.40 7.94 74.10 7.41 1.07 2180.30 218.03 5.00 3.00 40.00 2.00 0.20 10 LT OR 1027.50 47.13
Everhard Lindcove 12/13/2013 347 CZO 4 10.00 10.00 10.00 3.15 3.06 3.10 0.75 13.40 115.73 10 76.80 7.68 72.90 7.29 1.05 2083.40 208.34 11.00 3.00 54.00 0.00 0.00 10  MD OR 923.60 44.33
Everhard Lindcove 12/13/2013 347 C-35 4 9.60 9.60 9.60 2.96 2.99 2.97 0.72 13.40 111.12 10 78.40 7.84 73.70 7.37 1.06 2059.50 205.95 11.00 3.00 52.00 0.00 0.00 10  MD OR 866.00 42.05
Everhard Lindcove 12/13/2012 348 CZO 3 8.90 8.90 8.90 3.094 3.024 3.06 0.74 12.04 98.08 10 76.20 7.62 77.50 7.75 0.98 2215.90 221.59 7.00 2.50 62.00 11.00 1.10 10  MD OR 877.00 39.58
Everhard Lindcove 12/13/2012 348 C-35 3 10.60 10.60 10.60 3.144 3.156 3.15 0.76 14.03 125.02 10 76.50 7.65 77.20 7.72 0.99 2280.70 228.07 7.00 2.50 70.00 3.00 0.30 10  MD OR 906.50 39.75
Everhard Riverside 1/6/2014 006 C-35 4 11.00 11.00 11.00 3.35 3.32 3.33 0.80 13.77 128.79 10 84.30 8.43 78.30 7.83 1.08 2481.40 248.14 11.00 3.00 47.00 0.00 0.00 10 LT OR 1041.00 41.95
Everhard Riverside 1/7/2013 007 C-35 3 10.10 10.20 10.15 2.856 2.688 2.77 0.67 15.16 123.50 10 91.00 9.10 82.90 8.29 1.10 3013.40 301.34 11.60 4.50 51.00 1.00 0.10 10 LT OR 1374.20 45.60
Everhard Lindcove 1/9/2013 009 CZO 3 8.10 8.20 8.15 2.750 2.754 2.75 0.67 12.15 90.47 10 75.10 7.51 74.60 7.46 1.01 2074.70 86.00 11.00 4.00 46.00 7.00 0.70 10 MED OR 860.00 41.45
Everhard Lindcove 1/9/2013 009 C-35 3 8.60 8.50 8.55 2.646 2.582 2.61 0.63 13.60 99.34 10 74.60 7.46 75.30 7.53 0.99 2023.70 82.16 12.00 4.00 45.00 11.00 1.10 10 MED OR 821.60 40.60
Everhard Lindcove 1/13/2014 013 CZO 4 9.90 9.90 9.90 2.86 2.86 2.86 0.69 14.38 117.92 10 80.90 8.09 75.80 7.58 1.07 2269.30 226.93 12.00 2.00 45.00 4.00 0.40 10 MED OR 997.50 43.96
Everhard Lindcove 1/13/2014 013 C-35 4 9.40 9.40 9.40 2.66 2.63 2.65 0.64 14.74 113.01 10 87.20 8.72 80.10 8.01 1.09 2718.00 271.80 11.00 3.00 54.00 0.00 0.00 10 MED OR 1156.20 42.54

Bibliography:

Sauls, JW. 2008. Rootstock and scion varieties. unspecified Texas Citrus & Subtropical Fruits (01/2008).

Sauls, JW. 1998. Home fruit production - oranges. unspecified Texas Citrus & Subtropical Fruits (12/1998).

Bovee, C. 1993. Rio Farm's Citrus Variety Collection. unspecified Rio Farms, Inc 1992-1993 Research Report, pp 98-103.

 

 

 

 


 

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