Citrus reticulata Blanco
Citrus tangerina Tanaka
VI 32, 386
Photos by David Karp and Toni Siebert, CVC. Photo rights.
Source: Received as a nucellar seedling from the original Dancy tree CRC 602 which was received from Chico Gardens, Chico, Ca, 1914.
Parentage/origins: Dancy mandarin traces its origin to a seedling tree growing in the orchard of Colonel G. L. Dancy of Orange Mills in 1867. Its parent was a mandarin tree, known as the Moragne "tangierine," reported to have been growing in the orchard of N. H. Moragne as early as 1843. This tree is believed to have been introduced from Tangiers, Morocco by Major Atway, the previous owner of the Moragne property. Regardless of this variety's tangled history, its reputed origin of Tangiers gave rise to the term "tangerine" which today seems to refer to any mandarin, not just Dancy.
Rootstocks of accession: Carrizo citrange, C-35 citrange
Season of ripeness at Riverside: December to February
Notes and observations:
The Dancy tree is a large, vigorous, densely-foliated tree, with a tendency to alternate-bearing. The fruit is usually medium in size and oblate to obovoid in form. The thin, smooth rind is reddish-orange at maturity and easily peeled. The flesh is a deep orange color, with a rich flavor. The fruits usually contain a moderate number of seeds. Dancy fruits mature midseason and do not hold well on the tree although the fruits themselves store quite well after harvest.
L.K. Jackson and S. H. Futch: "Fruit size of Dancy is quite variable, depending upon crop load on the tree. An average size would be 2 1/4 to 2 1/2 inches in diameter. The rind has a deep reddish-orange color at maturity and easily peeled due to the thin, leather peel. These same characteristics make the fruit easy to damage at harvest and the fruit are usually clipped so as to prevent peel tearing or plugging. There are always a few seeds in each fruit ranging from a low of around six to perhaps as many as 20. The fruit shape is somewhat flattened and often somewhat pear-shaped due to the development of a neck at the stem end. The apex of the fruit is usually depressed. The fruit surface is smooth and glossy until almost over mature when it may become bumpy. The variety has a tendency to be alternate bearing. Crop thinning by judicious pruning is advised in these situations. Dancy produces a rather large tree at maturity and tends to be vigorous with an upright growth habit. The tree is nearly thornless with thick foliage. The tree is moderately cold-hardy, but the thin-skinned fruit are not. Dancy is self-fruitful and therefore requires no other pollenizer trees nearby to enhance productivity.
Description from The Citrus Industry Vol. 1 (1967):
"Fruit medium in size, oblate to broadly obovoid or pyriform (from development of neck); base generally slightly but sometimes markedly necked; apex broadly depressed. Rind thin, leathery, and tough; loose and easily removed, but not puffy until well past maturity; surface smooth and glossy, becoming bumpy with age; color deep orange-red to scarlet it maturity. Segments about 12, easily separable; axis large and hollow. Flesh deep orange-colored; tender and melting; moderately juicy: flavor rich and sprightly (acidity moderately high). Seeds few to medium, small, highly polyembryonic, and cotyledons light green. Midseason in maturity. Loses quality rapidly and rind puffs badly if held on tree much after maturity, but stores moderately well.
Availability: Commercially available in California through the Citrus Clonal Protection Program.
"Facts about specialty citrus characteristics", L.K. Jackson and S. H. Futch, Citrus Industry, April 1994, pgs. 57 & 66.
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