Cochin China atalantia
Photos by David Karp and Toni Siebert, 12/1/2008, CVC. Photo rights.
Source: Received as a cutting from W.T. Swingle, USDA (cutting A), 1924.
Parentage/origins: Parents unknown.
Rootstocks of accession: Cleopatra mandarin
Season of ripeness at Riverside: August to December
Season of flowering at Riveside: July to August
Notes and observations:
WPB: This tree was girdled by frost near the groundline in 1949, saved by inarching with Morton citrange and trifoliate. Small yellow-green fruits-1/2" in diameter- 4 carpellate- seedless- occasional seed.
EMN, 12/22/1987: Nice appearing compact tree (small). No fruit now but bloom and flower buds are present.
EMN, 1/23/1989: Several small purple fruits found- similar to fruit of CRC 3287. Some fruits are green & purple.
Description from The Citrus Industry Vol. 1 (1967):
Guillaumin's original description of this species reads, in translation, as follows: "Trees 5-10 m high, glabrous, spines straight, few, 5 mm long, in the axils of the leaves; branches grayish. Petioles glabrous, 1 cm long. Leaves coriaceous, ovate (5-9 X 2-4 cm), entire, attenuate at the base, attenuate and emarginate at the apex, primary and secondary veins prominent above and below, oil glands visible only by being pellucid [to transmitted light]. Flowers very glabrous, in the axils of the leaves, pedicels glabrous, 1 cm long, with bracts at the base; calyx cupulate, with 3 or 4 lobes, obtuse at the apex; petals 4, reflexed, ovate, attenuate at the apex; stamens 10, almost as long as the petals, more or less equal, connate for 2/3 of their length, anthers ovate, apiculate; disk annular at the base of the ovary; ovary ovoid-elongate, terminating in an articulated cylindric style, caducous at maturity, stigma capitate, locules 3-5, ovules 1-2 [in each locule], collateral. Fruit very similar to a small orange, 2 cm diam., pulp made up of succulent vesicles, seeds ellipsoid, about 1 cm long."
Availability: Not commercially available in California.
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