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Avana apireno mandarin

Citrus deliciosa Ten.

 

CRC 4163

PI 658358

VI 688

 

avanaapirenoavanaapireno

apirenoapirenoapireno

Photos by David Karp and Toni Siebert, 2/19/2010, CVC. Photo rights.

 

Source: Received as budwood from Sicily, Italy, via the CCPP, 2006.

 

Parentage/origins: Apparently a selection (budsport) of Mediterranean/Willowleaf/Comune mandarin.
 

Rootstocks of accession: Carrizo citrange, C-35 citrange

 

Season of ripeness at Riverside: January to March

 

Notes and observations:

RRK, 12/2006: The 'avana' group of mandarins are the Italian versions of the common Mediterranean/Willowleaf/Comune types. This selection is fairly commonly grown in Sicily (particularly the area near Catana). As indicated by the name, this selection has few seeds. Information from Australia indicates that it is 3 - 5 weeks later than 'Imperial' mandarin (which matures similar to 'Owari' satsuma). It was selected for introduction to the US during a visit to Corsica during the 1997 ISCN conference.

RRK, 12/2006: Regarding the origin of this accession, the INRA San Giuliano website, 'Avana apireno' originated in 1810 in Italy (most probably Sicily). However, Russo et al (1977), referencing Russo et al (1975), states:

"The 'Avana Apireno' mandarin was discovered in a 'Avana' orchard in the Picanello area of Catania 1962. At that time 3 trees that produced fruit with few seeds were recognized. From that time, the clonal offspring of those trees tested for many years in different places of Southern Italy have confirmed this quality...The production and quality of the fruit are similar to that of the 'Avana' and the 'Avana Apireno'...A nucellar line produced from one of the 3 original trees in 1962 has confirmed the low seediness of the mother tree. However the nucellar line has fewer seed per fruit than the mother tree..."

Availability: Commercially available in California through the Citrus Clonal Protection Program.

USDA Germplasm Resources Information Network page for Avana apireno mandarin

 

CVC Fruit Quality Data for Avana apireno mandarin:

(By Julian date from Oct 1)

CULTIVAR
LOCATION
DATE JULIAN DATE AGE SSC1 (%) SSC2 (%) Mean SSC tit1 (V/ml) tit2 (V/ml) Mean tit Citric acid (%) SSC/TA # FRUIT LENGTH  AVG. LENGTH  WIDTH AVG. WIDTH L/W WEIGHT AVG. WT. COLOR TEXTURE RIND SEEDS AVG. SEEDS INTERIOR  JUICE WT.  % JUICE
Avana apireno
Lindcove
10/17/2010 17 3 11.50 11.50 11.50 11.70 11.81 11.76 2.81 4.09 10.00 42.30 4.23 45.00 4.50 0.94 461.60 46.16 3.00 3.00 30.00 59.00 5.90 10 GR OR 190.70 41.31
Avana apireno
Lindcove
10/17/2010 17 3 11.50 11.40 11.45 11.23 11.23 11.23 2.69 4.28 10.00 54.00 5.40 54.30 5.43 0.99 813.60 81.36 3.50 3.00 28.00 75.00 7.50 9 V LT OR, 1 GR OR 367.50 45.17
Avana apireno
Lindcove
10/17/2010 17 4 11.00 11.00 11.00 13.59 13.74 13.67 3.27 3.36 10.00 51.30 5.13 52.00 5.20 0.99 679.10 67.91 3.00 4.00 29.00 33.00 3.30 3 GR OR, 7 V LT OR 286.40 42.17
Avana apireno
Lindcove
10/17/2010 17 4 10.90 10.90 10.90 12.45 12.48 12.46 2.99 3.65 10.00 50.10 5.01 49.70 4.97 1.01 619.20 61.92 3.50 4.00 28.00 20.00 2.00 8 GR OR, 2 V LT OR 282.60 45.64
Avana apireno
Lindcove
10/19/2009 19 2 10.50 10.40 10.45 13.68 13.69 13.68 3.28 3.20 10.00 50.00 5.00 61.80 6.18 0.81 950.10 95.01 8.00 2.00 34.00 23.00 2.30 10 MED OR 358.80 37.76
Avana apireno
Lindcove
10/19/2009 19 3 10.10 10.00 10.05 9.05 9.02 9.04 2.17 4.65 10.00 46.80 4.68 59.90 5.99 0.78 844.60 84.46 8.00 3.00 33.00 21.00 2.10 10 MED OR 318.90 37.76
Avana apireno
Lindcove
10/19/2009 19 3 9.90 9.80 9.85 4.25 4.21 4.23 1.02 9.72 10.00 49.20 4.92 61.20 6.12 0.80 916.60 91.66 7.90 2.00 45.00 33.00 3.30 10 MED OR 271.00 29.57
Avana apireno
Riverside
10/19/2008 20 2 8.90 8.90 8.90 13.58 13.36 13.47 3.25 2.74 10.00 43.50 4.35 53.20 5.32 0.82 640.30 64.03 5.70 2.00 30.00 32.00 3.20 10 MED OR 277.40 43.32
Avana apireno
Riverside
10/19/2008 20 2 8.60 8.50 8.55 13.11 11.98 12.54 3.03 2.83 10.00 45.40 4.54 55.30 5.53 0.82 716.30 71.63 6.00 1.50 32.00 48.00 4.80 10 MED OR 324.50 45.30
Avana apireno
Lindcove
11/7/2010 38 3 11.70 11.60 11.65 8.91 9.02 8.97 2.14 5.46 10.00 46.50 4.65 52.10 5.21 0.89 642.20 64.22 4.20 3.00 31.00 52.00 5.20 10 LT OR 270.50 42.12
Avana apireno
Lindcove
11/7/2010 38 3 11.00 11.00 11.00 8.08 8.01 8.05 1.93 5.71 10.00 52.10 5.21 56.90 5.69 0.92 843.10 84.31 3.90 2.50 30.00 26.00 2.60 10 LT OR 385.40 45.71
Avana apireno
Lindcove
11/7/2010 38 4 10.60 10.60 10.60 6.70 6.64 6.67 1.60 6.62 10.00 51.20 5.12 58.90 5.89 0.87 910.60 91.06 4.60 2.50 28.00 11.00 1.10 10 LT OR 403.70 44.33
Avana apireno
Lindcove
11/7/2010 38 4 10.00 9.90 9.95 8.02 8.01 8.02 1.93 5.19 10.00 55.90 5.59 59.40 5.94 0.94 957.60 95.76 4.40 2.50 31.00 19.00 1.90 10 LT OR 424.50 44.33
Avana apireno
Riverside
11/7/2011 38 4 9.50 9.40 9.45 10.81 10.92 10.87 2.62 3.63 10.00 41.60 4.16 50.40 5.04 0.83 558.10 55.81 3.00 3.00 12.00 41.00 4.10 9 V LT OR, 1 LT OR 260.60 46.69
Avana apireno
Riverside
11/7/2011 38 4 10.30 10.40 10.35 11.15 11.27 11.21 2.69 3.83 10.00 37.00 3.70 45.20 4.52 0.82 417.20 41.72 4.00 2.00 14.00 27.00 2.70 10 LT OR 201.50 48.30
Avana apireno
Riverside
11/9/2009 40 2 9.70 9.70 9.70 8.43 8.63 8.53 2.05 4.72 10.00 42.70 4.27 54.90 5.49 0.78 681.00 68.10 8.00 2.00 33.00 45.00 4.50 10 MED OR 304.00 44.64
Avana apireno
Riverside
11/9/2009 40 2 9.20 9.20 9.20 11.45 11.56 11.51 2.78 3.31 10.00 44.50 4.45 56.10 5.61 0.79 740.70 74.07 8.50 2.50 33.00 39.00 3.90 10 MED OR 278.30 37.57
Avana apireno
Lindcove
11/10/2011 41 4 9.70 9.70 9.70 10.38 10.57 10.47 2.52 3.85 10.00 64.00 6.40 64.70 6.47 0.99 1210.30 121.03 3.80 4.00 37.00 41.00 4.10 7 OR, 3 LT OR 551.10 45.53
Avana apireno
Lindcove
11/10/2011 41 4 11.90 11.80 11.85 13.82 13.90 13.86 3.31 3.60 10.00 40.60 4.06 46.90 4.69 0.87 485.70 48.57 3.80 2.50 29.00 31.00 3.10 9 MED OR, 1 GR OR 219.00 45.09
Avana apireno
Lindcove
11/11/2009 42 3 11.60 11.60 11.60 6.23 6.34 6.29 1.50 7.72 10.00 47.90 4.79 62.40 6.24 0.77 897.60 89.76 8.00 2.00 38.00 44.00 4.40 10 MED OR 278.40 31.02
Avana apireno
Lindcove
11/11/2009 42 3 10.90 10.90 10.90 5.73 5.84 5.78 1.39 7.86 10.00 50.20 5.02 63.20 6.32 0.79 966.90 96.69 9.70 2.50 40.00 46.00 4.60 10 MED OR 267.20 27.63
Avana apireno
Riverside
12/5/2011 66 4 10.00 10.00 10.00 6.36 6.25 6.31 1.52 6.59 10.00 43.40 4.34 54.10 5.41 0.80 684.70 68.47 7.00 3.00 27.00 43.00 4.30 10 MED OR 341.40 49.86
Avana apireno
Riverside
12/5/2011 66 4 11.30 11.30 11.30 7.00 6.92 6.96 1.66 6.79 10.00 36.60 3.66 49.00 4.90 0.75 489.20 48.92 7.00 2.00 26.00 28.00 2.80 10 MED OR 255.20 52.17
Avana apireno
Riverside
12/8/2009 69 2 11.40 11.50 11.45 6.83 6.90 6.86 1.64 6.95 10.00 45.20 4.52 59.10 5.91 0.76 787.70 78.77 11.00 2.50 41.00 38.00 3.80 10 MED OR 323.00 41.01
Avana apireno
Riverside
12/8/2009 69 2 11.20 11.20 11.20 5.51 5.63 5.57 1.33 8.40 10.00 44.80 4.48 59.80 5.98 0.75 827.10 82.71 11.00 2.50 39.00 34.00 3.40 10 MED OR 363.40 43.94
Avana apireno
Lindcove
12/9/2010 70 3 10.20 10.10 10.15 7.51 7.76 7.64 1.84 5.56 10.00 45.40 4.54 55.80 5.58 0.81 703.10 70.31 9.00 3.00 34.00 83.00 8.30 10 LT OR 546.90 77.78
Avana apireno
Lindcove
12/9/2010 70 3 11.90 11.90 11.90 5.45 5.53 5.49 1.31 9.09 10.00 58.30 5.83 67.90 6.79 0.86 1308.30 130.83 6.80 3.50 35.00 39.00 3.90 10 MED OR 488.50 37.34
Avana apireno
Lindcove
12/9/2010 70 4 10.80 10.80 10.80 5.77 5.70 5.74 1.37 7.86 10.00 60.20 6.02 67.10 6.71 0.90 1219.70 121.97 7.00 3.50 37.00 22.00 2.20 10 MED OR 411.50 33.74
Avana apireno
Lindcove
12/9/2010 70 4 9.90 9.80 9.85 4.84 5.07 4.96 1.19 8.30 10.00 53.50 5.35 64.50 6.45 0.83 1138.50 113.85 7.00 3.00 32.00 11.00 1.10 10 MED OR 443.30 38.94
Avana apireno
Lindcove
12/9/2011 70 4 10.50 10.60 10.55 7.87 7.82 7.84 1.88 5.58 10.00 58.20 5.82 63.70 6.37 0.91 1197.00 119.70 6.00 4.00 34.00 38.00 3.80 10 MED OR 475.10 39.69
Avana apireno
Lindcove
12/9/2011 70 4 11.00 11.10 11.05 9.96 9.73 9.85 2.36 4.67 10.00 42.80 4.28 51.70 5.17 0.83 617.70 61.77 8.00 3.00 32.00 54.00 5.40 10 MED OR 259.30 41.98
Avana apireno
Lindcove
12/14/2009 75 2 11.60 11.60 11.60 6.31 6.29 6.30 1.51 7.70 10.00 46.70 4.67 57.40 5.74 0.81 767.40 76.74 10.90 3.00 32.00 37.00 3.70 10 MED OR 221.00 28.80
Avana apireno
Lindcove
12/14/2009 75 3 11.90 11.90 11.90 5.52 5.71 5.62 1.34 8.88 5.00 23.60 4.72 31.60 6.32 0.75 440.20 88.04 10.00 3.00 18.00 25.00 5.00 5 MED OR 138.70 31.51
Avana apireno
Lindcove
12/14/2009 75 3 11.90 11.90 11.90 5.27 5.45 5.36 1.28 9.31 10.00 48.80 4.88 54.70 5.47 0.89 923.20 92.32 10.50 3.00 30.00 43.00 4.30 10 MED OR 310.00 33.58
Avana apireno
Lindcove
1/2/2011 94 4 10.90 11.00 10.95 3.69 3.97 3.83 0.92 11.88 10.00 57.30 5.73 73.00 7.30 0.78 1461.90 146.19 7.50 4.00 38.00 11.00 1.10 10 LT OR 480.70 32.88
Avana apireno
Lindcove
1/2/2011 94 4 11.30 11.20 11.25 3.26 3.31 3.28 0.79 14.38 10.00 62.00 6.20 73.90 7.39 0.84 1490.20 149.02 8.60 4.00 41.00 20.00 2.00 10 LT OR 386.40 25.93
Avana apireno
Lindcove
1/2/2011 94 3 9.90 9.80 9.85 4.71 4.69 4.70 1.13 8.76 10.00 46.40 4.64 60.60 6.06 0.77 821.00 82.10 9.00 2.50 39.00 53.00 5.30 10 MED OR 261.90 31.90
Avana apireno
Lindcove
1/2/2011 94 3 12.40 12.40 12.40 4.05 3.97 4.01 0.95 12.99 10.00 60.50 6.05 72.50 7.25 0.83 1401.50 140.15 8.90 3.50 38.00 34.00 3.40 10 MED OR 465.80 33.24
Avana apireno
Riverside
1/4/2010 96 2 12.50 12.60 12.55 5.19 5.29 5.24 1.25 10.03 10.00 37.80 3.78 44.20 4.42 0.86 412.40 41.24 3.00 1.50 24.00 53.00 5.30 2 V LT OR, 8 GR OR 144.10 34.94
Avana apireno
Riverside
1/4/2010 96 2 13.30 13.40 13.35 5.55 5.58 5.56 1.32 10.08 10.00 38.70 3.87 43.40 4.34 0.89 408.00 40.80 3.00 1.50 21.00 40.00 4.00 10 GR OR 159.50 39.09
Avana apireno
Riverside
1/4/2012 96 4 12.50 12.50 12.50 5.68 5.70 5.69 1.35 9.23 10.00 45.40 4.54 58.30 5.83 0.78 816.90 81.69 11.00 2.00 18.00 21.00 2.10 10 MED OR 332.30 40.68
Avana apireno
Riverside
1/4/2012 96 4 11.00 11.00 11.00 6.59 6.76 6.68 1.60 6.88 10.00 38.30 3.83 49.50 4.95 0.77 544.30 54.43 11.00 2.00 12.00 26.00 2.60 10 MED OR 267.80 49.20
Avana apireno
Lindcove
1/4/2012 96 4 12.10 12.20 12.15 5.67 5.44 5.55 1.32 9.14 10.00 43.70 4.37 56.10 5.61 0.78 682.40 68.24 11.00 2.00 15.00 55.00 5.50 10 MED OR 271.80 39.83
Avana apireno
Lindcove
1/4/2012 96 4 13.80 13.80 13.80 8.83 8.66 8.74 2.07 6.66 10.00 42.20 4.22 52.10 5.21 0.81 590.00 59.00 11.00 2.00 18.00 43.00 4.30 10 MED OR 222.10 37.64
Avana apireno
Lindcove
1/9/2013 101 5 10.20 10.10 10.15 5.85 5.89 5.87 1.41 7.23 10.00 45.80 4.58 60.10 6.01 0.76 858.30 85.83 11.00 3.00 15.00 140.00 14.00 10 MED OR 250.20 29.15
Avana apireno
Lindcove
1/9/2013 101 5 9.40 9.50 9.45 4.47 4.48 4.48 1.08 8.71 5.00 36.90 7.38 38.10 7.62 0.97 830.30 166.06 12.00 7.00 10.00 20.00 4.00 10 MED OR 161.80 19.49
Avana apireno
Lindcove
1/11/2010 103 2 9.20 9.20 9.20 2.30 2.39 2.35 0.57 16.23 10.00 41.50 4.15 44.60 4.46 0.93 452.00 45.20 4.00 2.00 22.00 27.00 2.70 10 LT OR 222.60 49.25
Avana apireno
Lindcove
1/11/2010 103 3 13.00 12.90 12.95 2.50 2.65 2.58 0.61 21.24 10.00 44.90 4.49 52.70 5.27 0.85 696.70 69.67 3.70 2.00 23.00 39.00 3.90 10 LT OR 326.50 46.86
Avana apireno
Lindcove
1/11/2010 103 3 12.60 12.60 12.60 2.50 2.50 2.50 0.60 21.15 10.00 45.60 4.56 52.60 5.26 0.87 684.90 68.49 4.50 2.00 24.00 71.00 7.10 10 LT OR 314.60 45.93
Avana apireno
Riverside
1/30/2012 122 4 13.00 13.00 13.00 5.36 5.48 5.42 1.29 10.09 10.00 45.50 4.55 58.10 5.81 0.78 734.60 73.46 11.00 2.50 21.00 18.00 1.80 10 MED OR 345.60 47.05
Avana apireno
Riverside
1/30/2012 122 4 11.30 11.30 11.30 5.44 5.51 5.48 1.31 8.63 10.00 38.90 3.89 50.30 5.03 0.77 574.80 57.48 11.00 2.00 18.00 14.00 1.40 10 MED OR 272.50 47.41
Avana apireno
Lindcove
1/30/2012 122 4 13.50 13.60 13.55 6.55 6.36 6.46 1.53 8.82 10.00 43.10 4.31 56.00 5.60 0.77 698.30 69.83 11.00 3.00 25.00 37.00 3.70 10 MED OR 261.60 37.46
Avana apireno
Lindcove
1/30/2012 122 4 13.50 13.40 13.45 7.40 7.27 7.34 1.74 7.76 10.00 43.20 4.32 54.40 5.44 0.79 650.20 65.02 11.00 3.00 25.00 50.00 5.00 10 MED OR 253.80 39.03
Avana apireno
Riverside
2/1/2010 124 2 13.80 13.70 13.75 4.29 4.16 4.23 1.00 13.78 10.00 48.70 4.87 47.00 4.70 1.04 483.40 48.34 4.20 2.00 22.00 30.00 3.00 9 MED OR, 1 GR OR 231.50 47.89
Avana apireno
Riverside
2/1/2010 124 2 13.70 13.80 13.75 4.19 4.27 4.23 1.00 13.67 10.00 39.00 3.90 43.40 4.34 0.90 388.00 38.80 3.50 2.00 20.00 43.00 4.30 6 GR OR, 4 LT OR 192.60 49.64
Avana apireno
Lindcove
2/2/2010 125 2 13.20 13.20 13.20 4.56 4.59 4.57 1.09 12.15 10.00 46.20 4.62 58.20 5.82 0.79 882.20 88.22 5.00 1.50 33.00 52.00 5.20 10 MED OR 354.20 40.15
Avana apireno
Lindcove
2/2/2010 125 3 13.90 13.90 13.90 3.76 3.87 3.82 0.90 15.38 10.00 47.20 4.72 60.00 6.00 0.79 889.60 88.96 5.20 1.50 30.00 54.00 5.40 10 MED OR 359.10 40.37
Avana apireno
Lindcove
2/2/2010 125 3 12.30 12.30 12.30 3.90 3.93 3.91 0.93 13.19 10.00 46.70 4.67 54.70 5.47 0.85 724.00 72.40 6.60 2.00 36.00 30.00 3.00 10 MED OR 298.20 41.19
Avana apireno
Lindcove
2/2/2011 125 4 12.10 12.10 12.10 2.54 2.67 2.60 0.62 19.49 10.00 59.40 5.94 71.90 7.19 0.83 1329.90 132.99 9.30 3.50 37.00 12.00 1.20 10 MED OR 353.80 26.60
Avana apireno
Lindcove
2/2/2011 125 4 10.60 10.60 10.60 2.31 2.36 2.34 0.56 18.89 10.00 58.00 5.80 70.40 7.04 0.82 1333.90 133.39 9.40 4.00 35.00 8.00 0.80 10 MED OR 422.20 31.65
Avana apireno
Lindcove
2/2/2011 125 3 13.30 13.20 13.25 4.01 4.11 4.06 0.96 13.80 10.00 47.70 4.77 60.10 6.01 0.79 787.20 78.72 9.60 3.00 39.00 67.00 6.70 10 MED OR 208.60 26.50
Avana apireno
Lindcove
2/2/2011 125 3 13.10 13.10 13.10 2.47 2.51 2.49 0.59 22.15 10.00 62.60 6.26 76.50 7.65 0.82 1519.30 151.93 9.80 3.50 42.00 40.00 4.00 10 MED OR 466.50 30.70
Avana apireno
Lindcove
2/7/2013 130 5 10.10 10.10 10.10 4.50 4.69 4.59 1.10 9.15 10.00 46.80 4.68 63.20 6.32 0.74 896.70 89.67 11.00 3.00 10.00 99.00 9.90 10 MED OR 278.20 31.02
Avana apireno
Lindcove
2/26/2013 149 5 8.30 8.40 8.35 4.32 4.64 4.48 1.08 7.66 10.00 48.30 4.83 66.30 6.63 0.73 987.00 98.70 11.00 3.00 12.00 110.00 11.00 10 LT OR 267.40 27.09

 



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